The Teej Festival
The festival of Teej is one of the largest festivals to be celebrated in India. It is celebrated according to the Hindu calendar during the month of Shravan. Teej is primarily celebrated in the north of India, being quite popular in states like Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Punjab. The period during which Teej is celebrated is said to signify the beginning of monsoon, which takes place right after long and hot summers. Apart from signifying the beginning of monsoon, Teej is also celebrated in honor of the reunion between Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Married women from all over pray to the Goddess Parvati for the well-being and prosperity of their husbands. The festival of Teej is an occasion for fasting, splashy fashion, religious ceremonies and observances as well as a lot of singing and dancing. A lot of religious processions take place during Teej. These processions are colorful affairs where people enjoy themselves among family and friends soaring with the festive spirit.
Celebrations in Different States
For those who are quite unacquainted with this festival of Teej, you might want to continue reading below where we highlight exactly how the festival is celebrated in the different northern states.
Because Teej is primarily a Rajasthani festival, most surrounding states such as Gujarat base their Teej celebrations around the manner in which Rajasthanis celebrate it. Traditional dance forms such as Dandiya and Garba are quite popular in the state. Outfits such as Ghagra cholis and Lehenga Cholis are typically worn at such events. Most women in this region make the use of colorful dupattas designed with impressive zari and gota embroidery to accessorize their outfits, whether they be sarees, lehenga cholis, ghagra cholis or anarkali suits. Gujarati women also drape their lehengas and sarees differently to women in other states, with the pallu in the front side.
The festival of Teej is said to have originated in the state of Rajasthan. Numerous fairs and processions are organized all over, where women take part in a variety of traditional dances. Green is the most common color used in the festive Teej clothing. The three-day celebrations see the opening of a lot of huge makeshift markets which sell a lot of festive styles featuring leheriya prints as well as popular Teej jewelry such as kundan and meenakari jewelry.
In Punjab, Teej is a very popular festival that people eagerly await and look forward to celebrating all year. A variety of events such as dances, beauty pageants, singing, drawing, mehendi and rangoli competitions are organized in small village fetes. One of traditional-folk dance forms that are very popular in these areas is the Gidda, which is performed only in the traditional outfit known as the Gidda. Much like the celebrations in the state of Rajasthan, Punjabi Teej celebrations include huge pop-up markets that sell everything from food, traditional clothing, Teej accessories like bangles, earrings, necklaces and traditional footwear called jooties.
Bihari women take their Teej fashion quite seriously. Red is the staple color that women are supposed to sport during this time. As accessorising plays a big part in their festive attire, a lot of women can be seen sporting their finest gold jewelry during these times. Women fast throughout this three day period and pray to deities for their husbands prosperity and long lives.