In the State of Orissa, India, is the Konark Sun Temple also known as the Black Pagoda from its dark colour seen from a distance. The temple is considered to be one among the wonders in India due to its architectural and engineering stand, making it one of the finest religious places in India.
Konark is a town in Puri district of the state of Orissa, India, on the Bay of Bengal, sixty-five kilometres from the capital city of Orissa, Bhubaneswar. The construction of the temple dates back to the 13th-century; King Narasimhadeva-I(AD 1236-1264) of the Eastern Ganga Dynasty. This temple gives a look of the Chariot of Lord Surya and it is heavily decorated with the marbles and precious stones. The whole architecture is designed as a huge chariot of Lord Surya is being drawn by seven horses on twelve pairs of artistically decorated wheels.
Entrance of the temple:
The entrance of the temple has two huge lion sculptures seem to be guarding the monument crushing the adversary in the form of the elephant, which are each shown crushing a war elephant. Each elephant in turn lies on top of a human body.
At the entrance of the temple is a Nata Mandir. This is believed to be the place where dancers used to perform offering salute and homage to Lord Surya. All around the temple exists range of carves and patterns which intrigues anyone visiting the temple. Some of the Kamsutra poses are sculptured on the walls as the messengers of the history.
After crossing the entrance, a structure which seems partly ruined or not completely constructed starts pulling up in the sight. There are multiple stories associated with this partially built structure and the most believed by historians is that, due to the early death of the king Langula Narasimha Dev, builder of the Konarak temple, the construction of the temple had been left in a haphazard state. As a result of this, the incomplete structure eventually collapsed. But this view is unsupported by historical data.
The famous poet Rabindranath Tagore wrote of Konark: “here the language of stone surpasses the language of man.”
Konark Dance Festival- the joyous festival of classical dance and music is held annually in the month of February.Konark is also home to an annual dance festival, held every December, devoted to classical Indian dance forms, including the traditional classical dance of Orissa, odissi.